Speech and Non-Speech Measures of Audiovisual Integration are not Correlated

Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics

Many natural events generate both visual and auditory signals, and humans are remarkably adept at integrating information from those sources. However, individuals appear to differ markedly in their ability or propensity to combine what they hear with what they see. Individual differences in audiovisual integration have been established using a range of materials, including speech stimuli (seeing and hearing a talker) and simpler audiovisual stimuli (seeing flashes of light combined with tones). Although there are multiple tasks in the literature that are referred to as “measures of audiovisual integration,” the tasks themselves differ widely with respect to both the type of stimuli used (speech versus non-speech) and the nature of the tasks themselves (e.g., some tasks use conflicting auditory and visual stimuli whereas others use congruent stimuli). It is not clear whether these varied tasks are actually measuring the same underlying construct: audiovisual integration. This study tested the relationships among four commonly-used measures of audiovisual integration, two of which use speech stimuli (susceptibility to the McGurk effect and a measure of audiovisual benefit), and two of which use non-speech stimuli (the sound-induced flash illusion and audiovisual integration capacity). We replicated previous work showing large individual differences in each measure but found no significant correlations among any of the measures. These results suggest that tasks that are commonly referred to as measures of audiovisual integration may be tapping into different parts of the same process or different constructs entirely.

Posted on:
May 24, 2022
2 minute read, 238 words
audiovisual integration validity measurement individual differences speech perception
See Also:
The Effects of Temporal Cues, Point-Light Displays, and Faces on Speech Identification and Listening Effort
Spread the Word: Enhancing Replicability of Speech Research Through Stimulus Sharing
Spread the Word: Enhancing Replicability of Speech Research Through Stimulus Sharing